Benita Rachmawati, Fauzi Miftakh, Wahyudin Fitriyana


This study discussed how the readiness of pre-service EFL teachers to use MALL in their teaching practice activities. In investigating pre-service teachers' readiness, there are two research questions related to the attitudes shown by pre-service teachers towards MALL and their experiences with MALL during their teaching practice. In this study, two types of data collection were used: interviews as the primary data collection and supported by questionnaire. There were four participants involved in this study using the phenomenological study method. This study found that pre-service EFL teachers showed a positive attitude towards the use of MALL. The participants felt that using MALL in their teaching practicum, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, was very useful. In addition, they also had quite a good experience during their teaching practice using MALL. They can choose the media or platform used according to their learning needs and their respective classroom situations. With the findings obtained, this can be a hope for their future class. The participants are aware of the benefits of MALL and are willing to use it during their teaching practice.


Attitude, MALL, pre-service teachers, readiness, teaching experience, teaching practicum

Full Text:



Atmojo, A., & Nugroho, A. (2020). EFL Classes Must Go Online! Teaching Activities and Challenges during COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia. Register Journal, 13, 49-76. doi:10.18326/rgt.v13i1.49-7.

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology. 3(2), 77-101. Retrieved from

Buabeng-Andoh, C. (2012). Factors influencing teachers’ adoption and integration of information and communication technology into teaching: A review of the literature. International Journal of Education and Development Using ICT, 8(1), 136-155.

Burston, J. (2013). Mobile-assisted language learning: A selected annotated bibliography of implementation studies 1994–2012. Language Learning & Technology, 17(3), 157–225. doi: 10125/44344.

Chang, C.-Y., & Hwang, G.-J. (2019). Trends in digital game-based learning in the mobile era: a systematic review of journal publications from 2007 to 2016. International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation, 13(1), 68–90. doi: 10.1504/IJMLO.2019.10016603.

Erawati Saragih, E., & Jaelani, A. (2020). Implementing Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) in Writing Classroom: Pre-service Teacher’s Opinions. Prosiding LPPM UIKA Bogor. Retrieved from

Faridah, D., Irianti, L., & Fachriyani, R. L. (2020). Investigating Pre-Service English Teachers’ Perception on the Use of Multimedia in EFL Teaching and Learning Process: Pedagogical Implication. Jadila: Journal of Development and Innovation in Language and Literature Education, 1(2), 2019-222. doi: 0.52690/jadila.v1i2.102

Hwang, Gwo-Jen & Wu, Po-Han. (2014). Applications, impacts and trends of mobile technology-enhanced learning: A review of 2008-2012 publications in selected SSCI journals. Int. J. of Mobile Learning and Organisation. 8. 83 - 95. 10.1504/IJMLO.2014.062346.

Inggita, N., Ivone, F., & Saukah, A. (2019). How is Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) Implemented by Senior High School English Teachers?. Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora, 7(3), 85–94. Retrieved from

Lathipatud Durriyah, T., & Zuhdi, M. (2018). Digital Literacy With EFL Student Teachers: Exploring Indonesian Student Teachers’ Initial Perception About Integrating Digital Technologies Into a Teaching Unit. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 6(3), 53-60. doi: 10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.6n.3p.53.

Liza, Khaira, and Erna Andriyanti. (2019). Digital Literacy Scale of English Pre-service Teachers and Their Perceived Readiness Toward the Application of Digital Technologies. Journal of Education and Learning, 14(1), 74-79. doi:10.11591/edulearn.v14i1.13925.

Kukulska-Hulme, A. (2005). Mobile usability and user experience. Mobile Learning: A handbook for educators and trainers, 45-56.

Miftakh, F., & Samsi, Y. S. (2015). Penggunaan Media Audio Visual Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Menyimak Mahasiswa. Majalah Ilmiah SOLUSI, 2(05). doi: 10.35706/solusi.v2i05.171

Mishra, Punya & Koehler, Matthew. (2006). Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge: A Framework for Teacher Knowledge. Teachers College REcord. 108. 1017-1054. 10.1111/j.1467-9620.2006.00684.x.

Moonyoung Park & Jeong-Bae Son. (2020). Pre-service EFL teachers’ readiness in computer-assisted language learning and teaching. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, doi: 10.1080/02188791.2020.1815649.

Mosavi Miangah, T & Nezarat, A. (2012). Mobile-Assisted Language Learning. International Journal of Distributed and Parallel Systems. 3. 309-319.. 10.5121/ijdps.2012.3126.

Nikolopoulou, K., Gialamas, V., Lavidas, K. et al. (2020). Teachers’ Readiness to Adopt Mobile Learning in Classrooms: A Study in Greece. Tech Know Learn

N. P. L. Nariyati, Sudirman, N. P. A. Pratiwi. (2020). EFL Pre-Service Teachers’ Perception toward the Use of Mobile Assisted Language Learning in Teaching English. International Journal of language Education, 4(1), 38-47. doi: 10.26858/ijole.v4i2.10052.

Ranellucci, John & Rosenberg, Joshua & Poitras, Eric. (2020). Exploring pre‐service teachers' use of technology: The technology acceptance model and expectancy–value theory. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 36. doi: 10.1111/jcal.12459.

Scherer, Ronny & Tondeur, Jo & Siddiq, Fazilat & Baran, Evrim. (2017). The importance of attitudes toward technology for pre-service teachers' technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge: Comparing structural equation modeling approaches. Computers in Human Behavior. 80. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.11.003.

Stake, Robert E. Qualitative Research: Studying How Things Work. New York: Guilford Press, 2010.

Sun, Y., Strobel, J., & Newby, T.J. (2017). The impact of student teaching experience on pre-service teachers’ readiness for technology integration: A mixed methods study with growth curve modeling. Educational Technology Research and Development, 65(3), 597–629. doi: 10.1007/s11423-016-9486-x.

Zhang, Y. (Ed.). (2015). Handbook of mobile teaching and learning. New York: Springer International Publisher.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Benita Rachmawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.