The Effect of QAR (Question-Answer Relationships) Strategy to ImproveStudents’ Reading Comprehension

putri asi lestari


The goal of the QAR strategy is helping the students in reading comprehension actively by analyzing various steps of questions. QAR (Question-Answer Relationships), which helps the students to answer the question based on the text. QAR is the best strategy that helps students in answering question and comprehending the text more effectively.
This research was an experimental research. It was conducted at Pondok Pesantren Miftahul Muarrif which located on kampar regency. The population of this research was the eight year students of Pondok Pesantren Miftahul Muarrif in the second semester. They consisted of 123 students, which divided into 3 classes. The reason to choose eight year students in using QAR technique was this technique appropriate to intermediate level of students. This research focuses of QAR Strategy on students’ Reading Comprehension. The instrument of this research is reading test. The data collection technique that writer used to analyzed data is t-test. The result of this study is taken from the quantitative data. It can be seen that there is improvement from the score pre-test (47.9) to that of post test (74,82) for experimental class and also the t-table 1.99 is smaller than t-observed 12.4. Moreover, it can be seen that after being taught by using QAR (Question-Answer Relationship) strategy, there is increasing of the students’ reading comprehension and they can answer the question with more efficiently. The students can analyze how and where to answer the question effectively The results of these tests were taken as data of this research.

Full Text:



Burnes and Page,G. 1991. Insight Strategies for Teaching Reading. New York: Harncort Brace Jovaich Group. PTY Limited

Carrol, BJ and Hall.1985. Make Your Own Language Test. British: Oxford Pergamon Press Ltd

Celce, Marienne and Murcia. 1991. The Technique of Teaching Reading Comprehension. Newburry hose university California: California

Cortese ,Emma E, et al. The Application of Question-Answer Relationship Strategies to Pictures. Retrieved 23 January 2011.

Edge, J. 1993. Essential of English Language Teaching. Longman, inc. New York

Gay, L.R. 1987. Educational Research. Competencies for Analysis and Application. New Jersey: Prentice-hall, Inc

Graves and Michael.F. 1998. Teaching Reading in the 21st Century. Allyn and Bacon

Harris, David.P. 1974. Teaching English as A Second Language. Newyork: Mc Growhill

Hatch.E and Farady.1982. Research Design and Statistics for Applied Linguistic. University of California, Los Angeles

Hornby, A.S, 2006. Oxford learner’s Pocket Dictionary New Edition. Great Britain: Oxford University Press.

Jones, C.R. 2000. The QAR Approach. Retrieved on 14 February 2011.

Kamil,Michael. Adolescents and Literacy: Reading for the 21st Century, (Alliance for Excellent Education, 2003).

Mukarto, Sujatmiko, Josephine.S.M, and Widya Kiswara. 2007. English on Sky for Junior High School Students Year VIII. Jakarta: Erlangga

Nuttal, Cristie. 1996. Teaching Reading Skill in Foreign Language. New Edition. Heinemann

Nunan, David. 1999. Second Language Teaching & Learning. Heinle & Heinle Publishers.

Pearson and Johnson. 1987. Building Reading Proficiency at Secondary level. Retrieved on 19 February 2011.

Raphael, T.E. (1984). Teaching learners about sources of information for answering comprehension questions. Journal of Reading, 27, 303-311.

Raphael, T.E. (1986). Teaching question-answer relationships. The Reading Teacher, 39, 516-520

Rezki, Rahmad. Narrative text. Retrieved on 19th February 2011.

Stanley, M and King. 1989. Building Skills for TOEFL. Bina Aksara. Jakarta

Thomas and Joane. 1996. Literacy and Learning across the Curriculum

Wardiman, Antono. 2008. English in Focus for Grade VIII Junior High School (SMP/MTS). Pusat Perbukuan Depdiknas

Widiati dkk. 2008. Contextual Teaching and Learning Bahasa Inggris Sekolah Menengah Pertama. Pusat Perbukuan Depdiknas.

William.E.Nagy. 1982. Teaching vocabulary to Improve Reading Comprehension. Urbana.

White, H., & Sabarwal, S. (N.D.). Quasi-Experimental Design And Methods. 8.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 putri asi lestari

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.