EXPLORING SPEAKING ANXIETY : THE CAUSES Of ENGLISH LANGUAGE SPEAKING ANXIETY AT SMA N 2 BANGKINANG KOTA

Despita Yanti(1), Vitri Anggraini Hardi(2),
(1) Universitas Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai  Indonesia
(2) Universitas Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of English Language Education


Full Text:    Language : en
Submitted : 2019-11-29
Published : 2019-10-25

Abstract


Speaking is convinced as a skill that most frequently evokes anxiety among the students. Anxiety appears because of the lack of knowledge, the low desire to try to speak, fear of making mistakes and difficulty to understand on the teacher’s words. This research was aimed investigatly factors contributing to speaking anxiety at the third grade of SMA N 2 Bangkinang Kota. This is a Qualitative Research. The observation check list, the questionnaire, and the interview topic guide were used as the instruments to collect the data. The findings showed that fear of making mistakes is the biggest factor that make students anxiety in speaking English. Fear of making mistakescaused by some factors, there are : the students don’t understand because the lack of vocabulary, low structure, and don’t know how to pronounce the word. Then, the next factor is self-perception or self-esteem. This factor of language difficulties (lack of self-confidence, afraid about structure and speaking English correctly, they thought the other students more better in speaking English), concern about others perception, low self- confidence, lack of motivation and lack of communication and afraid of making mistakes. After that is social environment, they have limited exposure to target language and judgment from other people, and when they try to speak English their friends don’t understand and laugh them . And the last is a cultural difference. That is because different topic and different accent and they ere not used to using English to communicate in daily life.

References


Antoro, I. W., & Khazanah, D. (2015). Speaking pada Mahasiswa Angkatan Tahun Pertama Jurusan Bahasa Inggris Fakultas Sastra Universitas Jember ).

Brown, H. D. (2007). Principle of language learning and teaching.White Plains, NY: Pearson Longman.

Brown, G., Yule, G., Jones, P., Littlewood, W., & Ur, P. (n.d.). 1 Gillian Brown and George Yule, 9–27.

Brown, H. Douglas. (2004). Language Assessment : Principles and Classroom Practices. New York: Longman.

Burns, A. & Joyce, H. 1997. Focus on speaking. Sydney: National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research.

Byrne (1984), 20–23.

Class, A., & Students, S. S. (2015). ( A Study at the Second Semester Students of English Department.

Derakhshan, A., Khalili, A. N., & Beheshti, F. (2016). Developing EFL Learner ’ s Speaking Ability , Accuracy and Fluency, 6(2), 177–186. https://doi.org/10.5539/ells.v6n2p177

Development, E. (n.d.). Journal of Education and Educational Development, 4(1), P.94–110.

Effectiveness, T., Instruction, T.-B., Language, E., Skills, S., & Students, S. S. (n.d.). The Effectiveness of a Task- Based Instruction program in Developing the English Language Speaking Skills of Secondary Stage Students A thesis Supervised by, 1–254.

Ellis, Rod. (1994). The study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford University Press.

Freud, Anna. The Writings of Anna Freud. N.Y.: International Universities Press, 1974.

Genç, B. (2010). English as a World Language in Academic Writing, 10(2), 142–151.

Ikawati. (2014). Speaking Natural Way To Communicate

Indrianty, S. (2016). STUDENTS ’ ANXIETY IN SPEAKING ENGLISH ( A CASE STUDY IN ONE HOTEL AND TOURISM COLLEGE IN BANDUNG ), 4(April), 28–39.

Item, I. (1996). Language and variation 7.1, 1–20.

Jones, Charles O. 1996.

Koba, at all. (2000). Using the Community Language Learning Approach to Cope with Language Anxiety. Vol.6,No11. http://iteslj.org/Articles/Kobe- cll.html. retrieved on May 2014

Koba, N., Ogawa, N. and Wilkinson, D (2000). Using The Community Language Learning Approach To Cope With Language Anxiety. The

Kondo, D. S., & Ying-Ling, Y. (2006). Perceived effectiveness of language anxiety coping: the case of English learning students in Japan. JACET Bulletin, 42(July), 15–22.

Kushartanti, B., Velde, H. Van De, & Everaert, M. (2015). Children ’ s use of Bahasa Indonesia in Jakarta kindergartens, 16(1), 167–188. https://doi.org/10.17510/wjhi.v16i1.371

Ladouse. 1991. Whole Brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press

Lightbown, P. & Spada, N. (2003) How languages are learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

L. Marleni (2016). Using Movies To Improve The Students’ Speaking Skill At The Third Semester Of Early Childhood Education Department Of Stkip Pahlawan Tuanku Tambusai Riau

MacIntyre, P. D., & Gardner, R. C. (1994). The Subtle Effects of Language Anxiety on Cognitive Processing in the Second Language. Language Learning 44(2), 283–305. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467- 1770.1994.tb01103.x

Na, Z. (2007). A Study of High School Students ’ English Learning Anxiety. The Asian EFL Journal, 9(3), 22–35.

Naci, M., Lu, K. Ğ., & Lamel, H. S. A. Ğ. (2013). Students ’ Perceptions of Language Anxiety in Speaking Classes, 2(2), 142–160. https://doi.org/10.7596/taksad.v2i2.245

¬No Title. (1984), 7–23.

Nunan, D. (1991). Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Nunan, D. (2000). Language Teaching Methodology. Pearson Education Limited.

Nurussalam, S., & Mahpudilah, A. (2016). THE ATTRIBUTION ON STUDENTS ’ SPEAKING ANXIETY IN EFL CLASSROOM, 4(2), 101–114.

Papamihiel, N. E. (2002). English as a second language students and English language anxiety : Issues in the mainstream classroom. The Florida State University, 36(3), 327–355.

Spielberg. (1983).

Tarbiyah, F. O. F., & Training, T. (2011). IMPROVING STUDENTS’ VOCABULARY DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATION FACULTY OF TARBIYAH AND TEACHERS TRAINING IMPROV ING STUDENTS ’ VOCABULARY.

Trager, George L. (1942). The historical phonology of the Tiwa languages. Studies in Linguistics, 1

Wibowo, Revelation., 2001. Language Management. New York: Scholastic. Ahmad .

Wiramihardja, S. A. (2004). Pengantar psikologi klinis. Bandung: PT. Refika Aditama. Worde,

Woodrow, L. (2006). Anxiety and speaking English as a second language. RELC journal, 37(3), 308-328. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033688206071315


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 32 times
 PDF Downloaded : 29 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.