Language Vitality among Acehnese Parents and Its implication to Language Maintenance: On Perspective of Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (EGIDS)

Idaryani Idaryani, Fidyati Fidyati


Research on the vitality of  Acehnese language is very important among the dominance use of Bahasa Indonesia among Acehnese.  Even, UNESCO recently has paid more attention to the world's languages and make efforts to revitalize potentially extinct languages. Acehnese as one of the heritage languages in Aceh Province, Indonesia also faces risk of extinction due to the shirnk of its domain usage. The purpose of this research is to investigate language vitality among Acehnese female parents in Lhokseumawe city. Qualitative approach was carried out in this study by conducting semi-structured observations, interviews, and strengthened with questionnares delivered to the participants by adopting  questionaire model proposed by Cohn (2013). The result of the study shows that vitality of Acehnese language among parents is still strong as a means of communication among certain people and in certain public domains such as in traditional market and around their neigbourhood.  Parents also still use Acehnese in family domain with their spouse, and their neighbourhood, however, the vitality of Acehese among parents becomes problematic because most of the parents do not longer use Acehnese when communicating to their children at home on their daily basis.

Full Text:



Al-Auwal, T. M. R. (2017). Reluctance of Acehnese youth to use Acehnese. Studies in English Language and Education, 4(1), 1.

Anderbeck, K. (2015). Portraits of Indonesian Language Vitality.

Anderbeck, K. (2018). Portraits of language vitality in the languages of Indonesia. April.

Ansori, M. S. (2019). Sosiolingustik dalam kepunahan bahasa. An-Nuha, 6(1 Juli), 51–61.

Aziz, Z. A., Yusuf, Y. Q., & Aulia, N. (2021). Acehnese attitudes towards their heritage language: A qualitative, inter-generational study. The Qualitative Report, 26(8), 2631–2647.

Baker, C. (2011). Foundations of bilingual education and bilingualism. Multilingual matters.

Canagarajah, A. S. (2008). Language shift and the family: Questions from the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora 1. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 12(2), 143–176.

Candra, R., & Nurmaida. (2018). MODEL. Sefa Bumi Persada.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. Sage.

Ewing, M. C. (2014). International Journal of Education , Vol. 8 No. 1 December 2014. 8(1).

Hidayati, S., Aminah, B., Ghani, A., Giridharan, B., Zafri, M., Franco, F. M., Hidayati, S., Aminah, B., Ghani, A., Giridharan, B., Hassan, M. Z., & Franco, F. M. (2018). Using Ethnotaxonomy to Assess Traditional Knowledge and Language Vitality : A Case Study with the Vaie People of Sarawak , Malaysia. 9(2), 33–47.

Hidayati, S., Suansa, N. I., & Franco, F. M. (2017). Using Ethnotaxonomy to assess Traditional Knowledge and Language vitality : A case study with the Urang Kanekes ( Baduy ) of Banten , Indonesia. 16(October), 576–582.

Ibrahim, I. H., & Usman, J. (2021). Cultural values in Acehnese farming-related proverbs. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 11(2), 364–371.

Idaryani, I., & Fidyati, F. (2021). The Factors that Influence the Language Shift among Parents. Journal of English Language and Education, 6(2), 202–210.

Idaryani, I., & Fidyati, F. (2022). The impact of parental language ideology and family language policy on language shift and language maintenance: Bilingual perspective. EduLite: Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture, 7(1), 192–208.

Ismail, F., Fhonna, R., & Nasir, K. (2021). Acehnese Language Shift and Its Impact to Young Generation. ACCENTIA: Journal of English Language and Education, 1(1), 9–16.

Laleko, O. (2013). Assessing heritage language vitality: Russian in the United States. Heritage Language Journal, 10(3), 382–395.

Lewis, M. P. (2010). The sustainable use model for language development. Summer Institute of Linguistics International.

Maricar, F., & Duwila, E. (2017). Vitalitas bahasa ternate di pulau ternate. IV(2), 136–151.

Muhammad, M. (2013). Acehnese-Speaking Parents’ Choice of Language of the Children: Parents’ Attitude Towards Bilingualism in Acehnese-Indonesian Context. Englisia Journal, 1(1), 100–115.

Nupus, H., & Riandi, R. (2021). Parent’s Language Policies and Language Attitudes in The Family. Journal of English Education Studies, 4(1), 41–54.

Rahmatillah, R., Syahputri, V. N., Rahma, E. A., & Fajrita, R. (2021). Reviewing the Maintenance of Acehnese Language from the Language Policy and Planning Perspectives. International Journal of Education, Language, and Religion, 3(2), 82.

Suwarno, B. (2017). A POLICY PROPOSAL FOR HERITAGE LANGUAGE CONSERVATION : A CASE. Issues in Language Studies, 6(2), 1–11.

Teuku Alamsyah, Rostina Taib, Azwardi, M. I. (2015). Pemilihan Bahasa Indonesia Sebagai Bahasa Pertama Anak dalam Keluarga Masyarakat Aceh Penutur Bahasa Aceh di Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Melayu, 3, 31. file:///C:/Users/USER/Downloads/608-1613-1-PB.pdf

Ulfa, M., Isda, I. D., & Purwati, P. (2018). The shift of Acehnese language: A sociolinguistic study to preserve regional languages. Studies in English Language and Education, 5(2), 161–174.

Wagiati, Wahya, & Riyanto, S. (2017). VITALITAS BAHASA SUNDA DI KABUPATEN BANDUNG. LITERA, 16(2), 309–317.




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Idaryani Idaryani, Fidyati Fidyati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.